Course Summary
Credit Type:
Organization's ID:
The course is self-paced, and many learners complete it in 4-8 weeks.
Dates Offered:
Credit Recommendation & Competencies
Level Credits (SH) Subject
Lower-Division Baccalaureate 3 Introduction to Ancient Greek Philosophy


The course objective is to provide an overview of key figures including Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle and examine their roles in shaping history and society. Students apply philosophical lenses to analyze life’s "big questions" with new depth and perspective.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understand the general philosophical positions and arguments of key ancient Greek philosophers.
  • Compare and contrast various philosophical approaches to essential philosophical questions.
  • Apply good philosophical logic, reasoning, and critical thinking to real-world situations.
  • Identify the nature and significance of the major branches and theories of philosophical inquiry.

General Topics:

  • What is Philosophy?
  • Why Study Philosophy?
  • Cosmology and the First Philosophers
  • The Atomistic Worldview
  • Parmenides and the Doctrine of Permanence
  • Heraclitus and the Doctrine of Impermanence
  • Socrates: The Father of Western Philosophy
  • The Socratic Approach
  • Introducing Arguments
  • Evaluation and Analysis of Arguments
  • Evaluating an Argument in Action
  • The Apology: A Defense of Philosophy
  • The Apology: Socrates' Arguments
  • The Crito: The Duties of the Social Contract
  • The Phaedo: The Death of Socrates
  • Plato: An Academic Approach to Concepts
  • Plato’s Forms: The Objects of Knowledge
  • Plato Forms: The Foundations of Being
  • Applying Plato's Metaphysics
  • The Footnotes to Plato
  • Aristotle: The Dissection of Reality
  • Aristotle on What There Is
  • Plato vs. Aristotle: The Mathematician or the Biologist
  • Aristotelianism: The Naturalistic Worldview
  • Aristotle's Highest Good
  • Applying Aristotle's Ethics
  • Stoicism: The Ethics of Dispassion
  • Philosophical Analysis as a Way of Life
Instruction & Assessment

Instructional Strategies:

  • Audio Visual Materials
  • Computer Based Training
  • Lectures
  • Practical Exercises

Methods of Assessment:

  • Examinations
  • Quizzes
  • Written Papers

Minimum Passing Score:

Supplemental Materials

Other offerings from SOPHIA Learning, LLC