Post-SFFA v. Harvard & UNC Decision Resources: Admissions and Beyond

​​​​In June 2023, the Supreme Court struck down the use of race in college admissions in the Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) v. Harvard University and University of North Carolina cases, ending four decades of precedent and altering higher education. The Supreme Court’s decision upended the admissions landscape, impacted a variety of additional policies, and created new challenges for institutions.

Colleges and universities remain steadfast in their commitment to provide inclusive communities for all students. As ACE President Ted Mitchell said, the ruling “may have taken away one arrow in our quiver, but it cannot dictate our institutional missions or prevent us from providing access and equity in the distribution of educational opportunities.”

To assist higher education institutions as they consider their own policies, practices, and initiatives in the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision, this web page houses a variety of external articles, tools, research, analyses, and other materials that may be of interest.

The inclusion of an item here does not indicate ACE’s endorsement. ACE expects to regularly update this website.

New items posted will appear at the top of the list. Last updated on March 19, 2024.



Publication/Organization:
Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​A new research report found that state level race-based admissions bans resulted in a decrease in racial diversity by 20 percent at American law schools.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
Venable LLP
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​Venable LLP examines the state of college admissions and challenges to race-conscious policies or programs that continue to emerge.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
ACE
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​ACE President Ted Mitchell joined dotEDU to examine the complexities of admissions in 2024, including problems with the redesigned FAFSA , repercussions of the 2023 Supreme Court ruling on race in admissions, and more.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Harvard and Caltech joined other universities that have recently reestablished testing requirements in the wake of new research.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
The Chronicle
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Duke is discontinuing a scholarship program for applicants of African descent, in the wake of the Supreme Court ruling.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Enrollment has surged at HBCUs around the country, a trend that could be at least partially due to the Supreme Court Ruling.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The Chronicle of Higher Education analyzes the rise in attacks on scholarships designated for students from underrepresented racial backgrounds.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
College Board
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The Access and Diversity Collaborative's Supreme Court Ruling on Race in Admission page contains and is updated with a variety of resources in response to the ruling.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​The Upshot at The New York Times explores how institutions can create diverse classes without race-based admissions.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​State and local programs benefitting underrepresented groups in a range of professions have become targets for conservative activists, The Washington Post reports.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI, Hiring and Staff Wellbeing, Other
Resource Title:
Publication/Organization:
The Brookings Institution
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​A Brookings report examines how legacy admissions policies are used.

Filter by topic:
Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
NBC News
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Anti-DEI laws are removing tools that help Hispanic students enroll and graduate, NBC reports.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The News & Observer
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​In the first admissions cycle since the Supreme Court's ruling, HBCUs in North Carolina are seeing an increase in interest from prospective students, aligning with predictions from some college administrators and admissions professionals that the ruling could lead to an influx of applications at HBCUs.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment, Other
Publication/Organization:
The Wall Street Journal
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The Wall Street Journal reports that this might be the most chaotic, frustrating, uncertain college-admissions cycle in recent history, citing the Supreme Court's ruling as one of the key factors.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The Washington Post examines the history of affirmative action.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The Connecticut Mirror
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Connecticut lawmakers advanced a bill that would ban legacy admissions at public and private institutions in the state.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The Washington Post's Editorial Board examines the rise in legislation restricting legacy admissions and argues the practice should be banned.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Forbes
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Forbes looks at some initial trends in the current application cycle, such as test-optional policies and more diversity of applications.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Minnesota Reformer
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Minnesota Reformer spoke with Zoey Haines, an expert in admissions, about the many recent changes to college admissions.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Virginia Gov. Glenn Youngkin signed bills banning legacy preferences in admissions at public institutions.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
MPR News
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Minnesota state lawmakers are considering a bill that would ban legacy admissions for public and private institutions.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reports on how Pittsburgh-area high school seniors are navigating a changed admissions process.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A federal judge in Texas cited the Supreme Court’s Harvard-UNC admissions decision more than 30 times in a ruling that orders the federal government's Minority Business Development Agency to be open for all races.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Insight Into Diversity
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Some colleges and universities are considering the legality of certain diversity-focused scholarships, Insight Into Diversity reports.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​California has much to teach the rest of the country about attaining a diverse student body in absence of race-conscious admissions, Michael Blacher and Gabriella Kamran write.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Forbes
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Michael T. Nietzel, former president at Missouri State University, writes about pressures institutions are facing to end legacy admissions.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
EdSource
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A bill in California would prohibit private colleges and universities from receiving state funding through the Cal Grant program if they give preferential treatment to applicants with donor or alumni connections.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
The Columbus Dispatch
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost is asking institutions to review scholarships that include race-based language.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Ohio University announced that it would pause race-based diversity scholarships in light of last summer’s Supreme Court ruling striking down the use of race in admissions, and Ohio State University is also reassessing its race-based scholarships.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Supreme Court's decision not to intervene in a high school's admissions policy signals that socioeconomic factors are acceptable and may represent the future for colleges and universities, The Washington Post reports.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Saul Ewing LLP
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​The law firm Saul Ewing examines the Supreme Court's decision to deny a petition for a writ of certiorari in Coalition for TJ v. Fairfax County School Board.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Supreme Court declined to intervene in a case concerning admissions policies meant to increase racial diversity at a Virginia magnet high school, potentially green-lighting a set of race-neutral admission practices for higher ed institutions.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Vox
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Some institutions that are bringing back testing requirements are highlighting new research that says that test scores are helpful for admissions decisions and the inclusion of tests benefit for marginalized applicants.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Wisconsin enacted a law that directs the state’s public university network to create a guaranteed admissions system in which students who rank within the top 10 percent of their class would be accepted into most Universities of Wisconsin institutions.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Maryland House of Delegates passed a bill that would ban the consideration of legacy status in admissions for all colleges that receive state funding, both public and private.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Nature
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​A study in Nature estimates that Asian American applicants had 28 percent lower odds of ultimately attending a group of highly selective institutions than white applicants with similar academic and extracurricular qualifications.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Supreme Court declined to temporarily block race-conscious admissions at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, clearing the way for the school to continue considering race as a factor in selecting the class that will enroll in the fall.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
The 19th
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​How Americans feel about the end of race-conscious admissions depends not just on their race but also their age and gender, according to a recent Gallup poll.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
CNBC
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​CNBC looks at how the Supreme Court's ruling is impact this year's college application cycle so far.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Axios
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Proposals aimed at dismantling DEI programs on college campuses have been introduced in 21 states since 2021, and nine of the states have approved such laws, Axios found.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Robert Massa and Bill Conley, two former enrollmenet officers, argue that the elimination of early decision would be symbolic at best and counterproductive to access at worst.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Brown University will adopt a need-blind admissions policy for undergraduate international students.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​Temple University announced that it will cover tuition and fees for incoming full-time students from Philadelphia whose family income is $65,000 or less.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The New York Times reports on part of the playbook used to attack diveristy, equity, and inclusion programs at colleges and universities.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Virginia state Senate unanimously passed a bill banning legacy preferences. Other states, like Connecticut and New York, are working on their own legislation.

Filter by topic:
Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​After the Supreme Court's ruling banning race-conscious admissions, students increasingly began to use their essays to highlight their racial background.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
USC Rossier School of Education
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The 2024 Center for Enrollment Research, Policy and Practice Conference at the USC Rossier School of Education will seek to empower attendees with actionable strategies to advance equity in enrollment following the Supreme Court's decision banning race-conscience admissions.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI, Other
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Department of Education is investigating whether the University of Pennsylvania’s legacy admissions policies constitute racial discrimination under federal law.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Phillip Levine and Sarah Reber argue that class-based admissions policies will not replace race-based policies, citing their research showing financial hurdles.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Madison365
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A conservative group filed a complaint with the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights against the University of Wisconsin-Madison, alleging that a fellowship program is illegal because it discriminates against white students.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Direct admissions programs, increasingly being tried by states, colleges, and third-party services, send seniors who meet minimum academic qualifications unsolicited notifications of admission, writes New York Times columnist Ann Carns.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Hill
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A new suvey found that nearly 7 in 10 Americans support the Supreme Court’s decision to end the use of race in college admissions

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​At least 14 states this year will consider legislation that could dismantle the ways college administrators attempt to correct historical and structural gender and racial disparities and make campus climates more inclusive, according to a Chronicle of Higher Education analysis.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Reuters
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A new poll found that a majority of law school admissions officers are “very concerned” that the  Supreme Court’s ban on race-conscious admissions will reduce the number of diverse law students nationwide.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​New York Governor Kathy Hochul proposed a direct admissions plan for the State University of New York and City University of New York systems.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
SCOTUSblog
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Following the SFFA decision, the Supreme Court will hear a case, Coalition for TJ v. Fairfax County School Board, that addresses admissions policies for magnet high schools.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Inside Higher Ed reports on the prospects of institutions establishing "class-based" admissions policies.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The U.S. Military Academy at West Point can continue considering race in its admissions process for now, after a judge rejected the petition for a preliminary injunction filed by Students for Fair Admissions.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Education Week
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A federal appeals court upheld an admissions program for the Boston school system’s selective “exam schools,” ruling that a plan based in part on socioeconomic factors is allowable under the Supreme Court’s recent decision against race-conscious college admissions.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
USC Rossier School of Education
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The USC Rossier School of Education hosted a panel titled “The Future of University Admissions After the Supreme Court Ruling on Affirmative Action” that addressed challenges and strategies for aligning admissions practices with equity and diversity goals.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
The Brookings Institution
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​A Brookings analysis shows that selective colleges could use "class-based affirmative action" to make progress in maintaining racial diversity after the SFFA ruling, but it will be difficult to achieve.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Atlantic
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A provision in the Bipartisan Workforce Pell Act that would bar dozens of colleges from accepting federal student loans threatens diversity and could have major consequences.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
HR Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​HR Dive compiled 10 of its biggest stories on DEI pushback from 2023.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI, Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
U.S. Department of Education
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona said in a statement that "access to data on legacy applicants is essential for colleges and universities reevaluating their admissions practices and working to build diverse student bodies."

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Association of American Medical Colleges
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​U.S. medical schools enrolled a more diverse first-year class in the 2023-24 academic year, with increases among some groups but declines in others, according to AAMC data.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Inside Higher Ed assesses a year of dramatic change in college admissions and predicts what the landscape might look like in 2024.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​DEI initiatives will continue to face challenges in 2024, though programs that focus on eliminating bias, cultivating a broad view of diversity, and promoting equal opportunity among employees generally remain lawful.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
NPR
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​NPR reports on the Merit-Based Educational Reforms and Institutional Transparency Act, which would prohibit accredited higher education institutions from granting preferential treatment in admissions processes based on an applicant's relationship to alumni or donors.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Reuters
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Supreme Court's ruling has made law schools rethink their approach to admissions, as officials try to both retain the diversity of their student bodies and comply with the law.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
CNN
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Black college applicants shared with CNN that the fallout from the high court’s decision has added a new level of anxiety to the application process.

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Admissions and Enrollment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The 74
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Lauren Foley, political science professor and author of “On the Basis of Race: How Higher Education Navigates Affirmative Action Policies,” expounds on what she sees as the future of diversity in higher education.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Bloomberg
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Bloomberg reports on how medical schools are handling their first round of applications since the Supreme Court's ruling.

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Graduate School, Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​College applicants are still writing about race in their applications, and counselors and colleges are encouraging applicants more than ever to explore their racial and ethnic identities and their views on diversity.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Scrutiny over early decision admissions policies increased following the Supreme Court's ruling, with some advocates calling for an end to the practice. Few institutions are ending their early decision programs for a myriad of reasons.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​In one of the first lawsuits to test the legality of corporate diversity practices in the wake of the Supreme Court's ruling, a class-action lawsuit claims the newspaper publisher Gannett “discriminated against non-minorities” to achieve diversity goals.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Some institutions, experts, and advocates see reparations through admissions as a permissible approach to increase campus diversity, and Justice Brett Kavanaugh signaled such a policy would technically be a race-neutral factor.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Los Angeles Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Race-conscious admissions were widely seen to have disadvantaged Asian American students, but many feel that race will still be a hidden factor and that standards are even more opaque than before, reports the Los Angeles Times.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Axios
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​U.S. companies' diversity, equity and inclusion efforts are losing momentum this year following the Supreme Court's ruling striking down the use of race in admissions.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI, Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Colorado College
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Colorado College has created a safe-haven initiative for students wanting to leave institutions of higher education in states that have passed anti-DEI laws, offering admitted students full financial aid consideration and will full credit for transferable coursework.

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Student Recruitment, Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Times Union
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​At least 42 colleges in New York received complaints alleging programs or scholarships that were only open to women or minorities discriminate on the basis of sex or race, and the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights has decided some of these programs and scholarships are in conflict with federal discrimination laws and pushed schools to change their practices.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI, Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Butler University
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Butler University is partnering with a national nonprofit to create a new two-year college that will provide an affordable pathway for historically underserved students, offering students the ability to earn an associate’s degree with no debt or out-of-pocket expenses and the opportunity to continue at Butler and earn a bachelor’s degree for less than $10,000.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​The Iowa Board of Regents approved recommendations to eliminate all campuswide diversity, equity and inclusion efforts that are not required for universities to stay compliant with the law or accreditation standards.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
CalMatters
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​Some California private colleges are increasing their outreach efforts to attract more students and emphasize that the Supreme Court's decision doesn’t change their belief in the importance of diversity.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Brookings Institution
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​Brookings found that the impacts of the Supreme Court's decision striking down race-conscience admissions will mostly impact a relatively small number of selective institutions.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Princeton University Press
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Princeton University Press published a discussion with four experts on how college environments benefit from racial diversity and how colleges can achieve it.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Race-based scholarships have played a crucial role in addressing systemic inequalities and are essential for promoting diversity and inclusivity on college campuses, writes Noël Harmon, Asian & Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund president.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
New York State Bar Association
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The New York State Bar Association said in a report that institutions that want to achieve diversity should eliminate the preferential treatment in admissions given to athletes, the children of alumni and the family of donors.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Washington Post
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​With direct admissions policies on the rise, 70 colleges and universities used the Common Application to offer admissions to more than 200,000 students--even if they did not apply--targeting those who would be first-generation college students or come from families with significant financial need.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Wall Street Journal
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A bipartisan bill called the MERIT Act introduced in the Senate in November would add a new standard for accreditation under the Higher Education Act that would prohibit institutions from giving preferential treatment during the admissions process based on an applicant’s relationship to alumni or donors.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Preliminary data from the Common App show a 41 percent increase from the 2019–20 application cycle in applications submitted before Nov. 1, sparked by a big upswing in minority applicants.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Legal Defense Fund
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​The Legal Defense Fund and several other organizations released a report that offers a legal history of race-conscience admissions in higher education, analyzes the Supreme Court’s decision in the SFFA cases, discusses the racial justice consequences, and provides recommendations.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Higher Ed Dive looks at the various ways data on legacy admissions is reported, which can complicate research efforts and understandings of the practice.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Dallas Morning News
Resource Type:
Media and Statements, Tools and Case Studies

​After the Supreme Court struck down the use of race in admissions, schools in North Texas are exploring alternative ways to ensure diverse students have access.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The Education Trust
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The Education Trust writes that "banning the box" is one way for institutions to open their doors to those facing barriers to college access due to a history with the legal system.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Lawfare
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Lawfare writes that the government has some room to make the case for why the use of race considerations for admissions at the military academies should be considered different by the courts, yet whether it can successfully explain why is the question.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Two attorneys from Duane Morris describe in an op-ed another case pending before the Supreme Court that may further restrict what employers lawfully can do to increase diversity.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Virginia Mercury
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​At least six universities in Virginia have begun offering guaranteed admissions to address declining enrollment numbers and help bolster populations of underrepresented students.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Office of the Attorney General; Governor Maura Healey and Lt. Governor Kim Driscoll
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Led by Gov. Maura Healey, Massachusetts issued guidance to support the Commonwealth’s institutions, focusing primarily on admissions and access in higher education, while also including steps K-12 schools can take to set students up for success.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Associated Press
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A Republican-backed bill would require University of Wisconsin schools and technical colleges to only weigh financial need and not race, ethnicity, nationality, gender, sexual orientation or religion when awarding grants and loans or creating enrollment and retention plans.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Education Reform Now
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

In its second issue brief on admissions, Education Reform Now explores the orgins and impacts of legacy admissions.
Filter by topic:
Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Education Reform Now
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

Education Reform Now's analysis of early decision reveals that it makes college admissions less fair and closes off opportunities to underrepresented students at highly selective colleges.
Filter by topic:
Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The Chronicle of Higher Education analyzes colleges’ supplementary essay prompts to see how they might have changed in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision on race-conscious admissions.

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
National Association of College and University Attorneys
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

This NACUANOTE summarizes the majority opinion, three concurrences, and two dissents. It then discusses the potential implications for higher education, not only in the context of admissions but also with respect to financial aid and outreach and recruitment programs.​

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Student Recruitment, Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A new survey from Inside Higher Ed found that most college and university presidents disagree with the Supreme Court's decision on race-conscious admissions and think it will reduce diversity in higher education.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Cornell University
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Cornell's Presidential Task Force on Undergraduate Admissions issued its final report in September 2023 outlining a cooperative, flexible and analytical approach to admissions.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​At Cornell University, an internal task force issued a 40-page report with recommendations for how the university could alter its admissions work to help diversify its undergraduate population.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​There are now 10 states with system-level direct admissions policies, and some experts say that number is likely to multiply in the coming year.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Higher Ed Dive
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Arkansas lawmakers questioned representatives from six public colleges and schools on their diversity, equity and inclusion policies and practices during a subcommittee meeting.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

The New York Times reports on how Census categories for race and ethnicity have changed over the last 230 years.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
CNN
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Students for Fair Admissions sued the U.S. Naval Academy, saying the academy “has no justification for using race-based admissions.”

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Reuters
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Students for Fair Admissions sued the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, saying the school's race-conscious admissions practices unconstitutionally discriminate against white applicants.

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Other
Resource Title:
Publication/Organization:
Princeton Alumni Weekly
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

The Princeton Weekly takes a close look at how Princeton is responding to the SCOTUS decision and how the ruling could impact the university.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Reuters
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​A group founded by Edward Blum, who led the successful Supreme Court challenge to race-conscious college admissions policies, said it was considering legal action against three law firms' diversity fellowship programs.

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Other
Publication/Organization:
Urban Institute
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​This report identifies key themes from the relevant research on the recruitment and admissions practices that will play a significant role in the future of college student diversity. Additionally, this report highlights areas for more research and the data needed to support additional areas of future research.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Diversity Abroad
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​For the international education sector, the direct impact of eliminating race-in-admissions policies may not seem clear. However, such a ban can affect education abroad, international student recruitment, and efforts to recruit and retain racially diverse staff and faculty to support international education.

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Student Recruitment
Publication/Organization:
Texas Tribune
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Now that the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled the practice unconstitutional, admissions experts say other states could look to Texas’s Top 10 Percent Plan as a way to diversify their student bodies.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Texas Tribune
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​It's hard to know exactly how the Top 10 Percent Rule has impacted diversity at UT-Austin, but data suggests it does boost the school's Hispanic population.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
University of South Carolina
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​All South Carolina students who are ranked in the top 10 percent of their high school graduating class will be guaranteed admission to the University of South Carolina’s Columbia campus starting with the Fall 2024 application cycle.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​The researchers found that the elimination of affirmative action has led to persistent declines in the share of underrepresented minorities among students admitted to and enrolling in public flagship universities in these states.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Urban Institute
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​Research on schools in states that have race-based admissions suggests no other single admissions policy will produce current levels of racial and ethnic diversity on its own. What admissions policies have been enacted in states where affirmative action has already been banned? And what effect have those policies had on student racial diversity?

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Nature
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Researchers talk to Nature about how halting race-conscious admissions will affect STEM employment, university applications, and more.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The Wall Street Journal
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Chief diversity officers are falling behind in the hiring job market. Some chief diversity officers stated that their jobs are facing further challenges after the Supreme Court ended affirmative action. This falling demand adds further doubt to the future of the DEI landscape.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
The Hill
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The Executive Leadership Council, a global organization of more than 800 global Black executives, told American CEOs that the Supreme Court’s decision should not affect their efforts to implement DEI practices.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
The Daily Princetonian
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​According to data from Princeton in 2018, over 30 percent of applicants with a legacy connection are admitted, compared to less than five percent overall. They are more likely to be white and upper-class and have higher SAT scores.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
The New York Times
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Wesleyan joined a growing list of selective schools that have dropped legacy admissions.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
The Wall Street Journal
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​The op-ed discusses how legacy admissions affected generations of applicants and the shifting dynamic under the SCOTUS SFFA decision.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
Pew Research Center
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​According to a new Pew Research Center analysis, the Supreme Court decision would likely impact highly selective private colleges and universities.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Morgan Lewis
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​The US Supreme Court's recent decision has potential implications beyond the education sector, particularly for federal contractors covered by Executive Order (EO) 11246. This EO enforces equal employment opportunity plans and affirmative action programs for qualifying federal contractors. The ruling could prompt challenges to EO 11246.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Gibson Dunn
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​In a July 13, 2023 letter, attorneys general of 13 states issued a warning to the CEOs of Fortune 100 companies, threatening “serious legal consequences” over race-based employment preferences and diversity policies.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
STAT
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Many years before the SFFA ruling, the University of California, Davis, achieved diversity through innovative strategies and a focus on socioeconomic factors, offering a potential model for creating a more inclusive medical education system.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
College Board and EducationCounsel
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​This resource provides a substantive overview and practical guide to the use of race- and ethnicity-neutral strategies and selection criteria (“plays”) that may qualify as race- and ethnicity-neutral under federal law, and that can advance institutional diversity interests—including those associated with race and ethnicity.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
College Board and EducationCounsel
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​This analysis was prepared on behalf of the College Board Access and Diversity Collaborative and discusses the legal and policy implications of the decision for the higher education community. It also provides takeaways to enhance admission policies and diversity.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
The White House
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​President Biden provided a response and remarks regarding the Supreme Court's decision on the use of race in college admissions. He emphasized the need to continue promoting equal opportunity, diversity, and inclusion, particularly in higher education. He proposed a new standard for colleges to consider the adversity students face during admissions.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Ropes & Gray
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​The guidance discusses the potential implications of the Supreme Court's decision on ESG investing and engagement practices in public and private markets. It examines how opponents of affirmative action policies might use similar reasoning to challenge corporate diversity initiatives under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and how critics of ESG investing might attempt to argue that considering corporate diversity in securities selection is illegal under state laws.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Association of American Universities
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​AAU President Barbara R. Snyder emphasizes that diversity enhances academic success and educational outcomes. Despite this setback, AAU institutions remain committed to equity, excellence, and fostering diversity for optimal learning and societal preparation, continuing to promote inclusivity and diversity.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​NAICU President Barbara K. Mistick emphasizes the importance of diversity and equity in higher education and the need to address underlying issues of inequality and discrimination.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
American Association of State Colleges and Universities
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​AASCU expresses distress over the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision, highlighting its impact on underrepresented students of color and the potential for diminished societal progress. AASCU emphasizes the importance of affirmative action policies in fostering diversity, promoting equity, and serving as a societal equalizer in higher education, pledging to continue advocating for increased access and urging institutions to explore permissible alternatives to ensure fairness and productivity in the higher education system.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​HACU strongly condemns the Supreme Court's decision, asserting that this ruling perpetuates educational inequities for underserved groups. HACU voices concern about the decision's negative impact on Hispanic-Serving Institutions, their students, and surrounding communities while emphasizing its commitment to equal educational opportunities and continued advocacy.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Council of Graduate Schools
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​CGS states that they will continue to support its diverse member universities as they navigate the implications of the decision on graduate admissions, reaffirming their commitment to diversity, equity, access, and inclusion in graduate education to address the country's pressing challenges across various professions.

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Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​APLU President Mark Becker emphasizes the importance of diversity for a valuable learning environment. While the ruling will lead to changes in admissions practices, the commitment of public universities to provide accessible, high-quality education remains unchanged, aiming to empower underrepresented communities and ensure equal opportunities for students of all backgrounds.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, National Association for College Admission Counseling, National Association of Student Financial Aid Administration
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​AACRAO, NACAC, and NASFAA led a webinar on the SFFA v Harvard and UNC cases.  Complementing the legal analysis, this session featured enrollment professionals who shared their reactions to the decisions and ideas regarding ways to continue to advance their institutional diversity, equity, and inclusion goals.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Participants summarize the key aspects of the Court’s decision in the Harvard and UNC admissions cases and share a high-level interpretation of what is immediately clear regarding what colleges and universities could continue to do to support student access and success.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​In a webinar hosted in partnership with AACRAO, NACAC, and EducationCounsel, enrollment professionals discussed the implications of the race-conscious admission decisions. Art Coleman, managing partner and co-founder of EducationCounsel, discussed how the affirmative action decision did not address the distinction between financial aid and admission in terms of using race-conscious policies. Other guest speakers stress the importance of communicating with students and families about the SCOTUS decision and concerns.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​NASFAA President and CEO Justin Draeger said that the organization will "respect and uphold the law of the land," but they will not ignore racial and ethnic gaps in college access and attainment.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
McGuireWoods
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​In the wake of the decision, McGuireWoods provides guidance on critical indirect employment implications, other legal challenges, consideration of corporate diversity programs, and potential implications for federal contractors' affirmative action plans.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Chinese for Affirmative Action
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​CAA clarifies that the lawsuit brought by "anti-civil rights litigator Edward Blum with the clear objective of dismantling decades of progress for students of color" does not represent Asian American community.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Chinese for Affirmative Action
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​In preparation for the Supreme Court decision, CAA prepared talking points that emphasized its ultimate goal of education: to allow students to follow their dreams, celebrate their identities, and reach their full potential.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
National Association for College Admission Counseling; American School Counselor Association
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​NACAC and ASCA issued a joint statement on the Supreme Court's decision on race-conscious admission, which states their disappointment with the decision and desire to continue to work toward diversity and equity in college admissions policy and practice.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
EducationCounsel
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​The guidance provides a contextual review of the case and actions that institutions can take to adapt to new changes.

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Creating Inclusive Climates/DEI
Publication/Organization:
Virginia Tech
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​Virginia Tech announced that it would eliminate both its early-decision option and legacy admissions preferences.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
University of Missouri System
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Following Attorney General Andrew Bailey's letter, the University of Missouri system responded by cutting "a small number of" minority scholarship programs.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
Attorney General of Missouri
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Missouri Attorney General Andrew Bailey sent a letter to colleges in the state telling them to end the use of "race-based standards to make decisions about things like admission, scholarships, programs, and employment."

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
The Harvard Crimson
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​After the Supreme Court decision, Harvard eliminated the supplement optional essay and replaced it with required short answer questions. The questions ask about applicants’ life experiences, intellectual interests, and extracurricular activities; how they hope to use their Harvard education; and the top three things they want their roommate to know about them.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​This report finds that a ban on the consideration of race in college admissions will threaten the racial and ethnic diversity of students at selective colleges unless these colleges fundamentally alter their admissions practices. The report explores six admissions models and the impact they would likely have on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic diversity if used consistently across selective colleges.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
JAMA Network
Resource Type:
Research and Evidence

​In this qualitative study of 39 deans and directors of admissions from 37 medical schools, the researchers find that embedded processes and structures of institutional racism continue to hinder increasing diversity in admissions.

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Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
Association of American Medical Colleges
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

​The AAMC developed an FAQ resource to support medical schools following the SFFA decisions. The guidance focuses on the scope of the ruling, the admissions process, the importance of diversity, and legal information.

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Graduate School
Publication/Organization:
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Beginning with the incoming class in 2024, UNC will provide free tuition and required fees for incoming undergraduates from North Carolina whose families make less than $80,000 per year and attempt to expand access after the U.S. Supreme Court decision.

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Admissions and Enrollment
Publication/Organization:
American Association of University Professors
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​Following the decision by the Supreme Court, AAUP states their support for ending legacy admission preferences and revising admissions policies to ensure equitable access to higher education.

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Legacy Admissions
Publication/Organization:
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

​U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Chair Charlotte A. Burrows stated, "the decision in Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. President & Fellows of Harvard College and Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. University of North Carolina does not address employer efforts to foster diverse and inclusive workforces or to engage the talents of all qualified workers, regardless of their background."

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law
Resource Type:
Legal Resources

​The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law urges employers to not worry over the SFFA decisions since the case does not change employment law. Employers must continue to do their part to provide opportunities to all workers and eliminate unnecessary barriers, including through diversity, equity, inclusion, and accessibility efforts.

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Hiring and Staff Wellbeing
Publication/Organization:
Inside Higher Ed
Resource Type:
Tools and Case Studies

Duke University offers full tuition grants for North and South Carolina students whose family income is less than $150,000. After the U.S. Supreme Court ruling on the use of race in admissions, this plan serves as a recruitment tool for more diverse applicants.

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Financial Aid and Scholarships
Publication/Organization:
EdSource
Resource Type:
Media and Statements

Unable to consider race since voters approved Proposition 209 in 1996, the University of California now makes admission decisions through a range of factors, including the location of an applicant's school, an applicant's socioeconomic status, and an applicant's achievements relative to the opportunities available at their high school. This "holistic review" allows the UC to expand its outreach to low-income students enrolled at underserved schools.

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Admissions and Enrollment