Course Summary
Credit Type:
Nationally, Internationally
Dates Offered:
Credit Recommendation & Competencies
Level Credits (SH) Subject
Lower-Division Baccalaureate 6 European History
Examinees must score a 3 or higher.


The AP European History Exam assesses student understanding of the historical thinking skills and learning objectives outlined in the course framework. The exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long and students are required to answer 55 multiple-choice questions, 3 short-answer questions, 1 document-based question, and 1 long essay question.

Section I: 2 Parts
Part A: Multiple-choice, 55 questions, 40% of score, 55 minutes
Part B: Short-answer, 3 questions, 20% of score, 40 minutes
Question 1-Secondary source(s)
Question 2-Primary source
Question 3-Students select one of 2 options, no stimulus

Section II: Free-response, 2 questions
Question 1: Document-based, 25% of score, 60 minutes (includes a 15-minute reading period)
Question 2: Students select one of 3 long-essay questions, 15% of score, 40 minutes

Skills Measured:

The exam assesses content from the seven course themes, developed across 9 units (with exam weighting):
Theme 1: Interaction of Europe and the World
Theme 2: Economic and Commercial Developments
Theme 3: Cultural and Intellectual Developments
Theme 4: States and Other Institutions of Power
Theme 5: Social Organization and Development
Theme 6: National and European Identity
Theme 7: Technological and Scientific Innovation

Unit 1: Renaissance and Exploration, c. 1450-1648 (10-15%)
Unit 2: Age of Reformation, c. 1450-1648 (10-15%)
Unit 3: Absolutism and Constitutionalism, c. 1648-1815 (10-15%)
Unit 4: Scientific, Philosophical, and Political Developments, c. 1648-1815 (10-15%)
Unit 5: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th Century, c. 1648-1815 (10-15%)
Unit 6: Industrialization and Its Effects, c. 1815-1914 (10-15%)
Unit 7: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments, c. 1815-1914 (10-15%)
Unit 8: 20th-Century Global Conflicts, c. 1914 to present (10-15%)
Unit 9: Cold War and Contemporary Europe, c. 1914 to present (10-15%)

The exam also assesses the following Historical Thinking Skills and Reasoning Processes:
Skill 1: Developments and Processes
Skill 2: Sourcing and Situation
Skill 3: Claims and Evidence in Sources
Skill 4: Contextualization
Skill 5: Making Connections
Skill 6: Aurgumentation

Reasoning Process 1: Comparison
Reasoning Process 2: Causation
Reasoning Process 3: Continuity and Change
Instruction & Assessment
Supplemental Materials

Other offerings from College Board Advanced Placement® (AP®) Examinations