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Affirmative Action in Higher Education After Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger

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Affirmative Action in Higher Education After Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger

September 04, 2003

​This paper discusses the 2003 University of Michigan Supreme Court cases and their implication for race- and ethnicity-conscious admissions in higher education. The ruling, issued in June 2003, was the first decision in 25 years on affirmative action in higher education admissions.

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